What is a chipotle pepper?

Chipotle Peppers – smoked red jalapeño peppers

We get asked this question so much, we decided to post our definition. Put simply, they’re smoked jalapeño peppers.

Jalapeño peppers are mostly grown in Mexico, New Mexico, and Texas. On the Scoville scale (a scale for measuring the heat in peppers devised by Wilbur Scoville, a pharmacist, in 1912), they rank between 2500-10,000 SHU (Scoville Heat Units). This means that a chipotle pepper  is relatively mild in comparison to a pure capsicum which tops the scale at 15-16 million units.

Jalapeño peppers originated in Mexico in a town in Veracruz called Xalapa–hence the name, jalapeño. The plants are about 2.5 to 3 feet high and produce 25-30 plants per season. Growers pick several times throughout the season; the red, unripened peppers are chosen to be smoked to make chipotles (pronounced chee-POTE-lays).

How are they smoked?
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